Treating depression: must it always be?
Is “only” a light one depression or a temporary depressive mood in front, In consultation with the doctor, you can first wait and see whether the symptoms resolve on their own.
For this to succeed, regular consultation with the doctor is essential: the doctor can record how the person concerned feels Depression symptoms check and assess whether the possibilities of therapy should be exhausted. It is equally important to trust relatives and to be supported and accompanied by them. Discussions in self-help groups also help many patients.
With moderate to severe depression, the symptoms are unlikely to subside on their own. Treatment by a psychotherapist is necessary here. The following methods can be used to treat depression:
- Medicines (antidepressants)
Usually, both variants are combined in the treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is often used in psychotherapy. This consists of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. With their help, the patient should penetrate negative thought patterns and attitudes and learn to change them as much as possible. In depression, for example, this affects constant self-doubt and feelings of guilt.
Treating Depression: An Overview of the Phases
The therapy is divided into different phases:
- Acute therapy: It usually lasts between six and eight weeks and is primarily intended to alleviate the symptoms so much and shorten their duration so much that normal life becomes possible again.
- Maintenance therapy: Lasts about four to nine months, should make the symptoms go away as far as possible and ensure that the patient does not relapse.
Affected people who have a high risk of relapse for depressive disorders will continue to receive treatment after maintenance therapy. The reasons for a high risk of relapse are, for example, difficult living conditions or permanent symptoms.
How can depression be treated besides psychotherapy?
In addition to the classic therapy options through medication and psychotherapy, other methods can be effective to get a grip on depressive illnesses. These include:
- Relaxation techniques, e.g. B. progressive muscle relaxation
- Light therapy
- Exercise – physical activity has been shown to increase mood
- Guard therapy, d. H. the patient stays awake one night under the supervision and only sleeps again the next – that should be able to improve the mood at least in the short term
Reading tip: All about Burnout symptoms you can find out here.